Sleep Literature Updates from January 2015

Nasopharyngeal Airway Stenting Devices for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

In this systematic review and meta-analysis, outcomes of adults with obstructive sleep apnea treated with nasopharyngeal airway stenting devices were studied. Of 573 potential studies, 29 were retrieved for detailed evaluation and 16 met the study criteria. Only case series or case studies were identified. Short-term benefits were identified in polysomnographic indices such as the apnea-hypopnea index and oxygen saturation, especially in postoperative patients. However, long-term data with respect to patient tolerance and adherence was lacking. Future research should be directed towards designing randomized controlled trials, comparing these devices to other interventions such as CPAP, with extensive follow up and long-term clinical outcomes

The Influence of Environmental Factors on Sleep Quality in Hospitalized Medical Patients

In this prospective cohort study, 118 consecutive inpatients were screened and 99 patients were enrolled to assess sleep quality in a group of medical inpatients, in relation to environmental factors, and the switch to daylight-saving time. Thirty three percentage of the patients reported one/more sleepless nights. Patients who slept near the window were exposed to more light in the morning and tended to sleep better. Noise levels were higher than recommended for care units. Future research is needed to evaluate interventions designed to improve sleep quality for inpatients in medical and surgical wards.