Sleep Literature Updates from January 2014

Does One Hour of Bright or Short-Wavelength Filtered Tablet Screenlight Have a Meaningful Effect on Adolescents’ Pre-Bedtime Alertness, Sleep, and Daytime Functioning?

In this experimental study, 16 healthy adolescent volunteers were recruited to be exposed to a bright tablet screen, dim screen and a filtered short-wavelength screen for 1hr before their usual bedtime in a within-subjects protocol. Significant effects occurred between bright and dim screens for pre-sleep alertness (GO/NOGO speed and accuracy), although these were minor and may have little clinical significance. However, no significant effects were found for sleep onset latency, slow-rolling eye movements, or the number of SWS and REM minutes in the first two sleep cycles. More studies are required to examine effects of prolonged screen exposure on pre-sleep alertness and morning daytime functioning amongst vulnerable groups such as adolescents.

http://www-ncbi-nlm-nih-gov/pubmed/24397302

Cognitive Unbinding: A Neuroscientific Paradigm of General Anesthesia and Related States of Unconsciousness

A very interesting review that explores the concept of cognitive unbinding. “It is concluded that cognitive unbinding is a viable neuroscientific framework for unconscious processes across the fields of anesthesiology, sleep neurobiology, neurology and psychoanalysis”.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24076246