Knowledge Gaps in the Perioperative Management of Adults with Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome. An Official American Thoracic Society Workshop Report

To identify knowledge gaps in the perioperative management of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS). Further research is urgently needed to improve health outcomes for these patients. Currently evidence is insufficient to guide screening and optimization of OSA and OHS in the perioperative setting. Patients who are at greatest risk of respiratory or cardiac complications related to OSA and OHS are not well defined, and the effectiveness of monitoring and other interventions remains to be determined. Centers involved in sleep research need to develop collaborative networks to allow multicenter studies to address the knowledge gaps identified.