Chronic Sleep Fragmentation Induces Endothelial Dysfunction and Structural Vascular Changes in Mice

Long-term sleep fragmentation induces vascular endothelial dysfunction and mild blood pressure increases. Sleep fragmentation also leads to morphologic vessel changes characterized by elastic fiber disruption and disorganization, increased recruitment of inflammatory cells, and altered expression of senescence markers, thereby supporting a role for sleep fragmentation in the cardiovascular morbidity of OSA.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25364077